Textiles Applications in Automotive Industry

With the growing degree of automobile production and also its matching around the world supplies based on the rapid industrialisation in Asia, Africa and also Latin America plus the growing demand in Eastern Europe, the proportion of fabrics in a motor car is boosting in reaction to a lot more rigorous comfort as well as safety needs in developed countries like the UNITED STATES, Japan and also Western Europe.

Car textiles, which are non apparel fabrics, are widely made use of in automobiles like cars, trains, buses, aircraft as well as marine vehicles. Therefore, the term vehicle fabric indicates all sort of textile parts e.g. fibers, filaments, yarns and the textile utilized in cars.

Virtually two third of the auto textiles are for interior trim, i.e. seat cover, rugs and roof covering and door linings. The rest is utilized to reinforce tyres, tubes, safety belts, air bags, etc

. It is predicted that virtually 45 square meters of fabric product is utilized in an automobile for interior trim (seating location, headlines, side panel, carpet as well as trunk). According to a study, the percentage of fabric in a motor car amounts to 2 percent of the general weight of a cars and truck. Besides this, visible textile elements, removing surprise components such as in tyres as well as compounds, tubes and filters; amount to 10-11 kg per car in absolute terms. Industrial fabrics are mostly used in vehicles and systems consisting of cars and trucks, buses, trains, air crafts and aquatic vehicles. In auto textile industry, 4 kinds of fabrics are used, specifically:

. Air bag fabrics

. Fabric made use of as a basis for decrease in weight of body parts

. Tire cable textiles

. Automotive upholstery and also other fabric materials made use of inside the vehicle


No doubt that the air bags help to conserve lives, but sometimes they can also give serious injury. The look for a consistent smart airbag, which can perceive the dimension of the guest or whether the seat is empty and react in that manner, is in progression. Such a ‘clever’ airbag will certainly integrate sensing units to judge the weight, dimension and location of the auto passengers and therefore release even more properly.

Additionally, integrated safety and security gadgets associated with the seat belt in addition to other security products, especially for child guests, are under development. The pattern in the direction of uncoated fabric materials is prepared for to proceed therefore is the improved trend towards even more air bags per auto and also fuII-size bags. There is likewise a technological obstacle of creating the bag by using more rational strategies as well as relevant specifications made by the auto sector.